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It’s a sunny afternoon here in Texas, and my wife Barbara is at the park again, counting and recording the number of eggs laid by monarch butterflies.  After collecting her data, she’ll share it with the professional scientist who recruited her.  In another state, our friend Antonio listens for frogs by visiting 12 different states, four times a year.  He has been submitting his findings to scientists for almost 20 years now.  And on the other side of the country, our niece Emily is catching native bees, putting tiny tags on them, and handing in weekly reports to the biology department at a local university.  Nobody is paying Barbara, Antonio, or Emily for their efforts, but all three consider themselves lucky to be “citizen scientists.”
設問4 下線部にあるsubmit、findingsとほぼ同じ意味を表す語句をそれぞれ指摘しなさい。
今年のセンター英語には色んな仕掛けがあります。例えば、冒頭文のmonarch butterflies。いきなり知らない単語をぶつけておいて読む気を削ぐ、模試でもよくあるやり方です。多分、蝶の名前か何かなんだろうと思って読み進めば良いのですが、これに引っかかる子が結構います。
・After collecting her data, she’ll share it with the professional scientist~
・He has been submitting his findings to scientists~
・Emily is handing in weekly reports to the biology department~
sharesubmithand in
厳密に言うと、submitとhand inは「提出する」の意味で同じですが、shareは「共有する」ですからちょっと違います。また、findingsとeffortsは「研究成果」の意味で同じですが、data(データ)とreports(レポート)とは違います。そう、最終文のeffortsには努力の結果得られる「成果」や「作品」の意味があるのですよ。だからfindingsとeffortsとは同じ「研究成果」の意味で使われています。

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